Anime has been tested with Julia versions 1.8 through 1.10 and Ubuntu Linux. It can be installed using Julia's package manager by entering the Julia REPL and typing

using Pkg

or by entering package mode by typing ] in the Julia REPL and then typing

add Anime

The source code of Anime can be found here.

The python packages casatools, casatasks, and casadata are required to handle the creation of Measurement Sets (MS) and conversion between uvfits and MS formats. These are automatically installed when Anime is installed via Pkg.

External Software

Some features of Anime require additional software packages to be installed. These are optional and it is entirely possible to use Anime without them at the cost of some functionality.

WSClean[1] is required to compute coherency matrices from FITS images into Measurement Sets. It is not possible to do this in Anime without WSClean since Anime aims to generate instrument models given observation parameters and not necessarily the original uncorrupted data. This additional functionality is provided in case the user wants to create synthetic data sets from scratch and apply instrument models to them.

On Debian-based systems WSClean can be installed via apt-get:

sudo apt-get install wsclean

AATM[2] is required to compute atmospheric quantities required for generating the atmospheric model, such as transmission, dry and wet path lengths, and sky temperature. In the absence of AATM, precomputed values for these quantities can still be passed as inputs in CSV format to compute the tropospheric model. Before installing AATM ensure that the boost libraries are installed. On Debian-based system this can be done via apt-get:

sudo apt-get install libboost-program-options-dev

Once boost is installed, AATM can be compiled as follows:

cd /path/to/aatm-source-code
./configure --prefix=/path/to/aatm-installation
make install
export PATH=$PATH:/path/to/install/aatm-installation/bin


  • 1Offringa A. R. et al. WSCLEAN: an implementation of a fast, generic wide-field imager for radio astronomy (2014) MNRAS
  • 2Atmospheric transmission at microwaves (ATM): an improved model for millimeter/submillimeter applications IEEE Xplore