ChainPlots
Graph generator and Plot recipes of the topology of FluxML/Flux.jl's neural networks composed with Flux.Chain.
Description
It implements a plot recipe for Flux.Chain
using the recipe tool from JuliaPlots/RecipesBase.jl.
It first generates a MetaGraph.jl from the Flux.Chain
and then apply a plot recipe based on the generated metagraph.
Aim
The aim is to obtain a pictorial representations for all types of layers implemented with Flux.Chain and in a way similar to the representations given in the following links:
Current state
At the moment, the recipe has been tested with most of the layers in Flux.jl/Basic Layers, as well as with a number of "functional" layers (e.g. x³ = x > x .^ 3
, dx = x > x[2:end]  x[1:end1]
), and with all activation functions in Flux/NNlib.
There is, however, only partial support for multidimensional layers (convolutional and pooling layers, as well as data with multiple batches) in the sense that only 1d and 2d views are available, and with the 2d visualization not being that great, yet. But hopefully soon there will be a proper multidimensional visualization for them. Batches are collapsed into a single lot.
How it works
There is a distinction between networks starting with a layer with fixedsize input (Dense and Recurrent) and networks starting with a layer with variablesize input (Convolutional, Pooling, and functional).
In the former case, just passing a network m = Chain(...)
to plot works, e.g. plot(m)
. In the latter case, one needs to pass along an initial input inp
, or input size inpsz = size(inp)
, as the second argument, like plot(m, inp)
or plot(m, inpsz)
, so that the plot recipe can properly figure out the size of each layer.
Any other argument for plot is accepted, like plot(m, inp, title="Convolutional network with $(length(m)) layers", titlefont = 12)
One can also obtain a metagraph with mg = ChainPlots.chaingraph(m)
or mg = ChainPlots.chaingraph(m, a)
. The current attributes can be seen in the docstring for chaingraph
.
Examples
There are several examples in the Literated file examples/build/examples.md (the source file is in examples/examples.jl, with all the plots saved to the folder examples/img).
Here is a little taste of it.
In all the examples below, one needs Flux
, ChainPlots
and Plots
, while for the graph, one needs Graphs
and MetaGraphs
. One can also display the metagraph using GraphPlot
, for which one also needs Cairo
and Compose
.
Dense and Recurrent layers
julia> nnr = Chain(Dense(2,5,σ),RNN(5,4,relu), LSTM(4,4), GRU(4,4), Dense(4,3))
Chain(Dense(2, 5, σ), Recur(RNNCell(5, 4, relu)), Recur(LSTMCell(4, 4)), Dense(4, 3))
julia> plot(nnr, title="With theme default", titlefontsize=10)
Variableinput layers
Variableinput functional layers are also accepted. If given as the first layer, then an initial input must be provided, otherwise, the input data is not needed. Here are two examples, illustrating each case.
julia> dx(x) = x[2:end]x[1:end1]
dx (generic function with 1 method)
julia> x³(x) = x.^3
x³ (generic function with 1 method)
julia> nna = Chain(Dense(2,5,σ), dx, RNN(4,6,relu), x³, LSTM(6,4), GRU(4,4), Dense(4,3))
Chain(Dense(2, 5, σ), dx, Recur(RNNCell(4, 6, relu)), x³, Recur(LSTMCell(6, 4)), Recur(GRUCell(4, 4)), Dense(4, 3))
julia> plot(nna, title="$nna", titlefontsize=7)
julia> nnx = Chain(x³, dx, LSTM(5,10), Dense(10,5))
Chain(x³, dx, Recur(LSTMCell(5, 10)), Dense(10, 5))
julia> input_data = rand(6);
julia> plot(nnx, input_data, title="$nnx", titlefontsize=9)
Convolutional networks
A neural network with a onedimensional convolutional layer:
julia> reshape6x1x1(a) = reshape(a, 6, 1, 1)
reshape6x1x1 (generic function with 1 method)
julia> slice(a) = a[:,1,1]
slice (generic function with 1 method)
julia> nnrs = Chain(x³, Dense(3,6), reshape6x1x1, Conv((2,), 1=>1), slice, Dense(5,4))
Chain(x³, Dense(3, 6), reshape6x1x1, Conv((2,), 1=>1), slice, Dense(5, 4))
julia> plot(nnrs, Float32.(rand(3)), title="$nnrs", titlefontsize=9)
Now with a twodimensional convolution:
julia> reshape4x4x1x1(a) = reshape(a, 4, 4, 1, 1)
reshape4x4x1x1 (generic function with 1 method)
julia> nnrs2d = Chain(x³, Dense(4,16), reshape4x4x1x1, Conv((2,2), 1=>1), slice)
Chain(x³, Dense(4, 16), reshape4x4x1x1, Conv((2, 2), 1=>1), slice)
julia> plot(nnrs2d, Float32.(rand(4)), title="$nnrs2d", titlefontsize=9)
With convolutional and pooling layers:
julia> nncp = Chain(
Conv((3, 3), 1=>2, pad=(1,1), bias=false),
MaxPool((2,2)),
Conv((3, 3), 2=>4, pad=SamePad(), relu),
AdaptiveMaxPool((4,4)),
Conv((3, 3), 4=>4, relu),
GlobalMaxPool()
)
Chain(
Conv((3, 3), 1 => 2, pad=1, bias=false), # 18 parameters
MaxPool((2, 2)),
Conv((3, 3), 2 => 4, relu, pad=1), # 76 parameters
AdaptiveMaxPool((4, 4)),
Conv((3, 3), 4 => 4, relu), # 148 parameters
GlobalMaxPool(),
) # Total: 5 arrays, 242 parameters, 2.047 KiB.
julia> plot(nncp, (16, 16, 1, 1), title="Chain with convolutional and pooling layers", titlefontsize=10)
From Chain to MetaGraph
With ChainPlots.chaingraph()
we can convert a Flux.Chain
to a MetaGraph
.
julia> nnr = Chain(Dense(2,5,σ),RNN(5,4,relu), LSTM(4,4), GRU(4,4), Dense(4,3))
Chain(Dense(2, 5, σ), Recur(RNNCell(5, 4, relu)), Recur(LSTMCell(4, 4)), Recur(GRUCell(4, 4)), Dense(4, 3))
julia> mg_nnr = chaingraph(nnr)
{22, 74} undirected Int64 metagraph with Float64 weights defined by :weight (default weight 1.0)
julia> get_prop(mg_nnr, 1, :layer_type)
:input_layer
julia> get_prop(mg_nnr, 3, :layer_type)
Dense(2, 5, σ)
julia> get_prop(mg_nnr, 7, :index_in_layer)
(5,)
julia> first(edges(mg_nnr)).src
1
julia> first(edges(mg_nnr)).dst
3
julia> outdegree(mg_nnr, 12)
8
julia> get_prop.(Ref(mg_nnr), 15, [:loc_x, :loc_y])
2element Vector{Real}:
3.0
0.75
Visualizing the MetaGraph
We may visualize the generated MetaGraph with JuliaGraphs/GraphPlot.jl. We use the attributes :loc_x
, :loc_y
, and :neuron_color
to properly position and color every neuron.
julia> nnr = Chain(Dense(2,5,σ),RNN(5,4,relu), LSTM(4,4), GRU(4,4), Dense(4,3))
Chain(Dense(2, 5, σ), Recur(RNNCell(5, 4, relu)), Recur(LSTMCell(4, 4)), Recur(GRUCell(4, 4)), Dense(4, 3))
julia> mg_nnr = ChainPlots.chaingraph(nnr)
{22, 65} undirected Int64 metagraph with Float64 weights defined by :weight (default weight 1.0)
julia> locs_x = [get_prop(mg_nnr, v, :loc_x) for v in vertices(mg_nnr)]
22element Vector{Float64}:
0.0
0.0
1.0
1.0
⋮
5.0
5.0
5.0
julia> locs_y = [get_prop(mg_nnr, v, :loc_y) for v in vertices(mg_nnr)]
22element Vector{Float64}:
0.4166666666666667
0.5833333333333334
0.16666666666666666
0.3333333333333333
⋮
0.3333333333333333
0.5
0.6666666666666666
julia> nodefillc = [parse(Colorant, get_prop(mg_nnr, v, :neuron_color)) for v in vertices(mg_nnr)]
22element Array{RGB{N0f8},1} with eltype RGB{FixedPointNumbers.N0f8}:
RGB{N0f8}(1.0,1.0,0.0)
RGB{N0f8}(1.0,1.0,0.0)
RGB{N0f8}(0.565,0.933,0.565)
RGB{N0f8}(0.565,0.933,0.565)
⋮
RGB{N0f8}(0.565,0.933,0.565)
RGB{N0f8}(0.565,0.933,0.565)
RGB{N0f8}(0.565,0.933,0.565)
julia> draw(PNG("img/mg_nnr.png", 600, 400), gplot(mg_nnr, locs_x, locs_y, nodefillc=nodefillc))
And here is the result.
Roadmap
There is a lot to be done:
 Add Documentation.
 Proper visualization for multidimensional layers.
 Optimization of the plot recipe (large networks  with hundreds of neurons  take too long, and sometimes plotting seem to hang, but building just the graph works fine).
 Add other plotting options (e.g. not annotate the plot with the type of the layer; only use circles as markers since they are accepted by all the backends).
 Improve coverage.
 Make it work across different backends.
 Make sure it works with all types of layers in
Flux.jl
.
Once it is in a more polished state, this package might be transfered to the FluxML organization.
Compatibility
All the above works fine with the GR
backend for Plots.jl
. There are many Plots backends, however, which have some issue:

Get Warning:
pyplot()
backend does not have:rtriangle
and seems not to scale properly. 
Get Error:
plotly()
andplotlyjs()
do not support custom shapes. 
hdf5()
works partially. Neurons are not showing up. On the other hand, despite saying in Plots's page that it is currently missing support for SeriesAnnotations, this seems to be working, since SeriesAnnotations is used to display the type/activation function of each layer. 
unicodeplots()
does not accept custom shapes, nor :rtriangle. Should choose from: [:none, :auto, :circle]. 
Have not tried others.