ElementaryPDESolutions.PolynomialType
struct Polynomial{N,T}

A polynomial in N variables with coefficients of type T.

The functor interface is implemented, so that p(x) evaluates the polynomial. For performance reasons, x is expected to be a Tuple.

Examples

A polynomial with a single term can be created by passing a pair mapping the order to the coefficient:

julia> Polynomial((1,1)=>2)
2xy

When multiple terms are present, they must be passed as vector (or tuple) of pairs:

julia> Polynomial([(1,1)=>2, (0,1)=>-1])
-y + 2xy

The spatial dimension is automatically inferred from the length of the order tuple:

julia> Polynomial((1,1,1)=>2)
2xyz
ElementaryPDESolutions.brinkman_component_solverMethod
brinkman_component_solver(Q::Polynomial{N,T}, α) where {N,T}

Compute a polynomial vector potential P satisfying the auxiliary vector PDE.

(Δ³ - α⁴Δ)P = Q

for the Brinkman (linearized Navier-Stokes) system.

ElementaryPDESolutions.convert_coefsMethod
convert_coefs(p::Polynomial, T)

Return a version of p where the coefficients have been converted to type T (is such a conversion is possible).

ElementaryPDESolutions.multiply_by_anisotropic_rMethod
multiply_by_anisotropic_anisotropic_r(A::AbstractMatrix{T}, p::Polynomial, k::Int = 2)

Multiply a polynomial p by the polynomial r_A^k, where r_A = |r^T A^{-1} r|, r = (x1, x2, ..., x_n), and k is an even positive integer.

ElementaryPDESolutions.multiply_by_anisotropic_β_rMethod
multiply_by_anisotropic_β_r(β::AbstractVector{T}, p::Polynomial, k::Int)

Multiply a polynomial p by the polynomial (β ⋅ 𝐫)ᵏ, 𝐫 = (x1, x2, ..., x_n), and k is a non-negative integer.

ElementaryPDESolutions.multiply_by_rMethod
multiply_by_r(p::Polynomial, k::Int = 2)

Multiply a polynomial p by the polynomial r^k, where r = |𝐱| and k is an even positive integer.

ElementaryPDESolutions.solve_anisotropic_advectMethod
solve_anisotropic_advect(β::AbstractVector, Q::Polynomial)

Return a polynomial P satisfying the anisotropic advection equation β⋅∇P = Q.

Examples

using StaticArrays
β = SVector{2,Rational{Int64}}(2 // 1, 1 // 1)
Q = Polynomial([(0, 0) => 2 // 1])

# output

2//5y + 4//5x
ElementaryPDESolutions.solve_anisotropic_advect_diffuseMethod
solve_anisotropic_advect_diffuse(A::SMatrix{N, N}, β::AbstractVector{T}, Q::Polynomial)

Return a polynomial P satisfying the anisotropic advection-diffusion equation ∇ ⋅ (A ∇P) + β⋅∇P = Q, A a symmetric positive definite matrix.

Examples

using StaticArrays
A = SMatrix{2,2,Rational{Int64}}(2 // 1, 1 // 1, 1 // 1, 3 // 1)
β = SVector{2,Rational{Int64}}(2 // 1, 1 // 1)
Q = Polynomial([(0, 1) => 2 // 1])

# output

-14//25y - 28//25x + 16//25xy + 9//25y² - 4//25x²
ElementaryPDESolutions.solve_anisotropic_laplaceMethod
solve_anisotropic_laplace(A::AbstractMatrix{T}, Q::Polynomial)

Return a polynomial P satisfying the anisotropic Laplace equation ∇ ⋅ (A ∇P) = Q, A an invertible matrix. Q is required to be homogeneous. Inverse is anisotropic_laplacian.

Examples

using StaticArrays
A = SMatrix{2,2,Rational{Int64}}(2 // 1, 1 // 1, 1 // 1, 3 // 1)
Q = Polynomial([(1, 1) => 2 // 1])
P = solve_anisotropic_laplace(A, Q)

# output

-3//400x⁴ + 11//100x³y + 11//150xy³ - 2//25x²y² - 1//300y⁴
ElementaryPDESolutions.solve_bilaplaceMethod
solve_bilaplace(Q::Polynomial)

Compute a polynomial solution to Δ²P = Q. Q is required to be homogeneous.

Examples

julia> Q = Polynomial((1,0)=>1)
x

julia> P = solve_bilaplace(Q)
1//192x⁵ + 1//96x³y² + 1//192xy⁴
ElementaryPDESolutions.solve_brinkmanMethod
solve_brinkman(Q::NTuple{N,Polynomial{N,T}};Re=1,α=1)

Compute a vector of polynomials U and a polynomial P satisfying the linearized unsteady Navier-Stokes equations, sometimes referred to as the Brinkman equations or the modified Stokes equations, (Δ - α²)U - Re ∇P = Q with ∇⋅U = 0. Each component of the polynomial Q is required to be individually homogeneous.

The solutions are given by the expressions

u = (Δ + α²)(Δ - ∇∇⋅)g,

p = -1/Re (Δ² - α⁴)∇⋅g,

where the vector potential g satisfies

(Δ³ - α⁴Δ)g = Q.

Examples

julia> Q = (Polynomial([(2, 1) => 2 // 1]), Polynomial([(0, 2) => 4 // 1]))
(2//1x²y, 4//1y²)

julia> U, P = solve_brinkman(Q; Re=Rational(1), α=Rational(1))
((0//1y + xy + 5//24y³ - 5//8x²y, 0//1 + 4//1x + 1//2x² - 1//2y² + 5//8xy² + 11//24x³), -7//6y³ - 1//2x²y - 11//24x³y - 5//24xy³)
ElementaryPDESolutions.solve_elastodynamicsMethod
solve_elastodynamics(Q::NTuple{N,Polynomial{N,T}};ρ=1,μ=1,ν=1/4,ω=1)

Compute a vector of polynomials U satisfying -μ/(1-2ν) ∇(div U) - μ ΔU - μ k₂² U = Q.

Examples

julia> Q = (Polynomial((2,1)=>1),Polynomial((1,0)=>1))
(x²y, x)

julia> P = solve_elastodynamics(Q;μ=1)
(-6//1y + x²y, -3//1x)
ElementaryPDESolutions.solve_elastostaticMethod
solve_elastostatic(Q::NTuple{N,Polynomial{N,T}};μ=1,ν=1)

Compute a vector of polynomials U satisfying μ/(1-2ν) ∇(div U) + μΔU = Q. Q is required to be homogeneous.

Examples

julia> Q = (Polynomial((1,2)=>1), Polynomial((0,0)=>1))
(xy², 1)

julia> P = solve_elastostatic(Q;ν=1//2)
(-1//8xy + 1//480x⁵ + 1//32x³y² + 1//24xy⁴, 3//16x² + 1//16y² - 1//120y⁵ - 1//96x⁴y - 1//32x²y³)
ElementaryPDESolutions.solve_helmholtzMethod
solve_helmholtz(Q::Polynomial;k=1)

Return the unique polynomial P satisfying ΔP + k²P = Q.

Examples

julia> Q = Polynomial((1,2)=>1)
xy²

julia> P = solve_helmholtz(Q, k=1)
-2.0x + xy²
ElementaryPDESolutions.solve_laplaceMethod
solve_laplace(Q::Polynomial)

Return a polynomial P satisfying ΔP = Q. Q is required to be homogeneous.

Examples

julia> Q = Polynomial((1,0)=>1.0)
x

julia> P = solve_laplace(Q)
0.125xy² + 0.125x³
ElementaryPDESolutions.solve_maxwellMethod
solve_maxwell(J::NTuple{3,Polynomial{3,T}};ϵ=1,μ=1,ω=1)

Compute a pair of vectors of polynomials E and H satisfying the Maxwell system:

\begin{aligned} \mathrm{i}\omega\varepsilon\boldsymbol{E} + \operatorname{rot} \boldsymbol{H} &= \boldsymbol{J}, \qquad & -\mathrm{i}\omega\mu\boldsymbol{H} + \operatorname{rot}\boldsymbol{E} &= \boldsymbol{0}, \\ \varepsilon\operatorname{div}\boldsymbol{E} &= \rho, & \mu\operatorname{div}\boldsymbol{H} &= 0, \end{aligned}

with the sources being constrained by the charge conservation equation:

\begin{aligned} \operatorname{div}\boldsymbol{J} - \mathrm{i}\omega\rho &= 0. \end{aligned}

Returns the pair (E, H).

Examples

julia> J = (Polynomial((0,2,1) => 1), Polynomial((0,1,1) => 1), Polynomial((1,0,1) => 1))
(y²z, yz, xz)

julia> E, H = solve_maxwell(J);

julia> E
((-0.0 - 1.0im) + (0.0 + 2.0im)z + (-0.0 - 1.0im)y²z, (-0.0 - 1.0im)yz, (-0.0 - 1.0im) + (-0.0 - 1.0im)xz)

julia> H
(y, 2.0 + z - y², 2.0yz)
ElementaryPDESolutions.solve_stokesMethod
solve_stokes(Q::NTuple{N,Polynomial{N,T}};μ=1)

Compute a vector of polynomials U and a polynomial P satisfying μΔU - ∇P = Q with ∇ ⋅ U = 0. Q is required to be homogeneous.

Examples

julia> Q = (Polynomial((1,0)=>1),Polynomial((0,0)=>1))
(x, 1)

julia> P = solve_stokes(Q;μ=Rational(1))
((-1//8xy + 1//16xy² + 1//48x³, 3//16x² + 1//16y² - 1//48y³ - 1//16x²y), -1//2y - 3//8x² - 1//8y²)