The OpenGL backend for Makie

Read the docs for Makie and its backends here


Please file all issues in Makie.jl, and mention GLMakie in the issue text!

Troubleshooting OpenGL

If you get any error loading GLMakie, it likely means, you don't have an OpenGL capable Graphic Card, or you don't have an OpenGL 3.3 capable video driver installed. Note, that most GPUs, even 8 year old integrated ones, support OpenGL 3.3.

On Linux, you can find out your OpenGL version with: glxinfo | grep "OpenGL version"

If you're using an AMD or Intel gpu on linux, you may run into GLFW#198. A potential fix is then to delete An example path to this file on a system using juliaup and version 1.8.2 is /home/username/.julia/juliaup/julia-1.8.2+0.x64/lib/julia/

If you're on a headless server, you still need to install x-server and proper graphics drivers.

You can find instructions to set that up in: And for a headless github action: If none of these work for you, there is also a Cairo and WebGL backend for Makie which you can use:

If you get an error pointing to GLFW.jl, please look into the existing GLFW issues, and also google for those errors. This is then very likely something that needs fixing in the glfw c library or in the GPU drivers.

More troubleshooting with remote ssh

Errors which can occur:

libGL error: MESA-LOADER: failed to open swrast: /usr/lib/dri/ cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory (search paths /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/dri:\$${ORIGIN}/dri:/usr/lib/dri, suffix _dri)
ERROR: GLFWError (VERSION_UNAVAILABLE): GLX: Failed to create context: GLXBadFBConfig

It happens because a libc library mismatch. In these scenarios starting julia with this could help:

LD_PRELOAD=/usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/ julia

The github issue about this problem:

WSL setup or X-forwarding


WSL runs OpenGL alright, but it is not a supported scenario. From a clean Ubuntu install from the store do:

sudo apt install ubuntu-desktop mesa-utils
export DISPLAY=localhost:0

On the Windows side:

  1. install VcXsrv
  2. choose multiple windows -> display 0 -> start no client -> disable native opengl


1.) install: sudo apt-get install -y xorg-dev mesa-utils xvfb libgl1 freeglut3-dev libxrandr-dev libxinerama-dev libxcursor-dev libxi-dev libxext-dev

2.) WSL has some problems with passing through localhost, so one may need to use: export DISPLAY=, with the local ip of the pcs network adapter, which runs VcXsrv

3.) One may need mv /opt/julia-1.5.2/lib/julia/ /opt/julia-1.5.2/lib/julia/libcpp.backup, another form of GLFW#198